Industry

   Portuguese industry includes electricity, gas, water, mining, and manufacturing sectors. Manufacturing, the largest of these sectors, is concentrated in two major industrial regions: Lisbon-Setúbal in the south and Oporto-Aveiro-Braga in the north. Together, these two regions contain the factories that account for 75 percent of Portugal's industrial output. The Lisbon-Setúbal region includes major heavy industries, such as steel making, shipbuilding and repair, oil refining, chemicals, cement, automobile assembly, wood pulp, cork, and fish processing. About 140 kilometers (84 miles) to the south at Sines is a major deepwater port and associated steel-making and oil-refining complex at Sines. Light industry is located primarily in the Oporto-Aveiro-Braga industrial triangle. Here are located factories that manufacture textiles, footwear, furniture, cutlery, and electronics. Portugal's largest petroleum refinery is located in Oporto.
   Industrial organization in Portugal reflects three ownership patterns: privately owned domestic factories are concentrated in light industrials; publicly owned factories dominate heavy industry, such as petrochemicals, shipbuilding, steel making, petroleum refining, and electricity; subsidiaries of multinational corporations dominate electronics, automotive, pharmaceutical, and electrical machinery industries. In general, Portugal's light industries, such as textiles, footwear, food, beverage, cork products, and furniture, are labor intensive and technologically backward.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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